Information in the menus below was updated in May 2020. To contribute information that may be of interest to others in your country, please contact your country’s hosts: Marie Gallé-Tessonneau ( or Laelia Benoit ( 

  • People, groups, and organizations

    Not for profit

    • The School Phobia Association is an association of parents of children who display or have displayed school refusal. The association aims to change the understanding, recognition, and care of these children in need. The association’s projects are: Support for Families, Help with Exchanges with School Teams, Research and Reflection with Health Professionals. 
    • Hospital unit specialized in school refusal. MPEA Peyre Plantade CHU Montpellier France, Dr Hélène DENIS.
    • Dr Laelia Benoit, MD, PhD, Youth psychiatrist, researcher in Public health and sociology, National Institute for Health and Medical Research (Inserm). 
    • Dr Marie Gallé-Tessonneau, PhD, Psychologist, Psychology Laboratory of Univesity of Bordeaux. 
    • The French Association of Psychologists, National Education. 
    • “Etre Prof”, French Network Resources for teachers. 
    • The Nantes Center for Educational Research (CREN EA2661) is the University of Nantes research laboratory in education. CREN conducts research in two areas: (1) Education Policies and Training Facilities; and (2) Education, Teaching, and Learning Processes. One of CREN's research areas is on the issue of early school leaving, under the direction of Pierre-Yves Bernard, more particularly its territorial variations, the subjective experience of early school leaving by young people, and the policies implemented to combat it.
    • Research Team “Vulnerabilities, Inequality, life Path” of the Emile Durkeim Center, Department of Sociology, University of Bordeaux. The research team is working on social policies related to school and professional dropout, training, social integration, job insecurity and disability. The team develops public policy analysis work in the field of the training-employment relationship, youth policies and disability. The new social risks linked to school dropout and difficulties of professional integration are among the objects investigated at different levels of scale (national, regional, and individualization of trajectories, etc.). Joël Zaffran is co-director of the team. Website of the research center. 
    • The National Assessment Board of the School System (CNESCO, ‘Conseil National d’Evaluation du Système Scolaire’) is an institution charged with independent evaluation. It is composed of scientists from various disciplines, parliamentarians, as well as members of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council. CNESCO conducts a scientific and participatory evaluation of the school system to enlighten the various actors in the school and the general public. 
    • The Academic Cell for Research and Development in Innovation and Experimentation (CARDIE) is responsible for supporting institutions and/or schools and developing national innovation and experimentation policy.  

    For profit

    • The “Centre Mellis”: A collaboration of private practitioners offering services for youth displaying school refusal and their families. Contact Marie Gallé-Tessonneau  
  • Current and upcoming activities and achievements
    • “What to do for school refusal in adolescence?" Debate between two approaches: CBT (cognitive and behavioural therapy), TMF (multi-family therapy). Dr Aurélie HARF maison de Solenn Paris and Dr Hélène DENIS CHU Montpellier - French Congress of Psychiatry - 25 to 28 November 2020 in Strasbourg - Palais de la Musique et des Congrès. 
    • PHRC (Hospital Project for Clinical Research), development of 4 news units for School Refusal treatment in the hospitals of Nimes, Marseille, Béziers and Perpignan. This Research will last 4 years. Reaserch head by Dr. Hélène Denis, MPEA Peyre Plantade CHU Montpellier France.
    • Publication of the book “Comprendre et soigner le refus scolaire anxieux; Psychothérapie de la phobie scolaire”, Dunod, Les ateliers du Praticien. (“Understanding and treating school refusal; psychotherapy of school phobia”)
    • 2018 Sept - 2021 Sept: A new research programme developed by CREN, entitled FORSEp (La forme scolaire dans l'enseignement professionnelle), which aims to study the transformations of initial vocational training in France, and, among other questions, how vocational training institutions (vocational high schools, apprenticeship training centres, production schools) adapt their practice in order to prevent school drop-outs.
  • Past activities and achievements
    • 2019 Nov 21-22: Conference Prevention Addiction, Théâtre Quartier Libre, Ancenis Saint Géréon. 
    • 2019 Oct 2: FORSEp seminar, co-organised by LEST (Aix en Provence, Aix-Marseille University) and CREN, with the participation of Christian Imdorf (Leibniz Universtät Hannover) on the transformations of initial vocational training in Europe.
    • 2019 May 28: Documentary report - Infrarouge about : Hospital unit specialized in school refusal. MPEA Peyre Plantade CHU Montpellier France, Dr Hélène DENIS. 
    • 2019 Mar 15-16: Workshop on the work of the “Special School Refusal unit of the Montpellier Hospital” at GIE (Interest and Study Group of the French Association for CBT - AFTCC) in Bordeaux. Managers of this workshop: Dr DENIS Montpellier; Julie CARRE Brest, Bertrand LLORET Bordeaux. 
    • 2015 Jan - 2019 Jun: CREN has developed the TEDS program (Territoires et décochages scolaires/Territories and school dropouts), with the financial support of the National Research Agency (ANR), under the scientific direction of Pierre-Yves Bernard. The TEDS research project aims to report on the territorial variations of school dropout in France, in order to determine the effects of context on this phenomenon and to better understand the diverse pathways and reasons for stalling youth. Researchers rely on a new approach that considers the diversity of school dropouts and their inclusion in specific territorial configurations, from local to national. 
    • 2018-2019: Survey: National health survey about school refusal in France . Dr Laelia Benoit, Researcher in Public health and sociology, National Institute for Health and Medical Research (Inserm). 
    • 2018: Crowdfunding for research on school attendance, Dr Laelia Benoit. 
    • 2018 May: Conference titled "Territories and School Dropouts" hosted by the University of Nantes. The conference focused on the results of the program financed by the National Research agency, and took stock of the research carried out on the issue of school dropout (TEDs). 
    • 2017 Nov: International Comparisons Conference, “How to effectively deal with school dropout?”, hosted by the National School System Evaluation Council (‘Conseil National d’Evaluation du Système Scolaire’ [CNESCO]). 
  • Helpful links and other resources

    Resources on School Refusal/ Ressources sur le refus scolaire anxieux

    Resources on Truancy and Dropout/Ressources sur le décrochage scolaire et l’école buissonière

    • Sous la direction de Pierre-Yves Bernard et Thierry Berthet, numéro spécial de la revue Formation emploi consacré au « décrochage scolaire à l’aune des inégalités territoriales : nouvelles perspectives ? » (2018/4, n° 144). Articles tirés des résultats de recherche du programme TEDS (Territoires et décrochages scolaires).
    • Joël Zaffran, « Les transitions scolaires de l’école primaire à la Segpa : le score ne fait pas tout », Jacques M.-H. (dir.), Les transitions scolaires. Paliers, orientations, parcours, Rennes, PUR, 2016, p. 353-360.
    • Joël Zaffran, « La place des jeunes dans l’espace public : une approche par le temps », Gurnade M.-H. & Ait-Ali C. (coord.), 2016, Jeunesses sans parole, jeunesse en paroles, Paris, L’Harmattan, p. 41-48.
    • Joël Zaffran, « Bouger pour grandir. Défection et mobilité des adolescents », Les Annales de la recherche urbaine, n°111, 2016, p. 68-77.
    • Joël Zaffran, « Comment faire pour refaire ? Les décrocheurs scolaires qui raccrochent » (avec Juliette Vollet), Éducation & Formations, N° 90, 2016, avril, p. 113-128.
    • Joël Zaffran, « Liberté, égalité, accessibilité », Zaffran J. (dir.), Accessibilité et Handicap. Anciennes pratiques, nouvel enjeu, Grenoble, PUG, 2015, p. 275-282.

Disclaimer: INSA’s Mission encourages us to disseminate as much readily available information as possible, without judgement. The sharing of this information should not be seen as an endorsement by INSA. People, groups, and organisations are separated into ‘for profit’ (fees are charged for services) and ‘not for profit’ (including charities, who may charge no fees or nominal fees for services). Please access and use this information with proper judgement.

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