Information in the menus below was updated in March 2019. To contribute information that may be of interest to others in your country, please contact your country’s hosts: Carolina Gonzálvez (carolina.gonzalvez@ua.es) or Fernando Marhuenda (fernando.marhuenda@uv.es). As the International Network for School Attendance grows, materials will be added to your country’s webpage. 

People, groups, and organizations

Not for profit

  • The IMERIS Association works with the mission of providing specialized attention and intervention to minors and families in situations of social and/or family conflict. Thus, from the Program of Prevention, Monitoring and Control of School Absenteeism, mediation is carried out between the Educational Center, the students, and the family system.
  • The El Fanal Association seeks the personal and social development of families at risk of exclusion. They work to achieve a society in which everyone has the right to develop their personal and social skills - in equality and freedom - through education, employment, and the exercise of citizenship. Among other programs, they have a project on prevention of school absenteeism.
  • The Spanish Association of Second Chance Schools gathers different associations all throughout the country which offer educational resources and a connection to the labour market to facilitate transitions and to assist with educational support through adolescence as well as in achieving proper education. It has developed an accreditation process to certify which institutions comply with the requirements set by the association in order to extend their model.
  • In the region of Valencia, several institutions have been working for quite a long time to prepare youth who left the school to obtain the GCSE attending the open examinations set by the Department of Adult Education of the region. These are institutions like Taleia, belonging to Adsis, Asindown, or Iniciatives Solidàries, some of them well renowned at national level.
  • Several research groups in Spanish universities cover research on early school leaving, school failure, absenteeism, and transitions from education into work. From a sociological perspective, the one with the longest tradition is GRET, located at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. In that same university there is also the group GEPS, with a wider overview but recent research on early school leaving. From a pedagogical perspective, there are at least two groups, Transicions at the University of Valencia and the group EIC at the University of the Balearic Islands, with a tradition in research on VET and early school leaving and research also in the Peninsula. The same applies to the group EIE, at the University of Murcia.

Current and upcoming activities and achievements

Past activities and achievements

  • 2018 November 21-23. 5th V International Congress on Psychological, Educational and Health Contexts. Madrid.
  • 2018 November 8-9: 1st Conference of school absenteeism and the right to education. Valencia. Click here for the informational brochure.
  • 2018 September: A 15-month research project called GRE16-07 School refusal behavior profiles: identification, analysis and its relationship with other psychoeducational variables was finished. Among its main findings are: (1) the identification of school refusal behavior profiles; (2) the validation of instruments such as the Youth Life Orientation Test, the Positive and Negative Affect Scale and the Visual Analogue Scale for Anxiety-Revised; and (3) the study of the relationship between school refusal and other psychoeducational variables such as anxiety, depression, stress, affect or school anxiety. Contact: Carolina Gonzálvez, carolina.gonzalvez@ua.es

Helpful links and other resources

  • European Social Fund in Spain, 2010-2012, Network to combat early school leaving, Study on early school leaving in the region of Castilla la Mancha.
  • Compilation of Good Municipal Practices in the Prevention and Attention of School Absenteeism and bullying (2018). Madrid: Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. Link to download: Prevention and care of school absenteeism and bullying
  • The Spanish version of the School Refusal Assessment Scale Revised
    • Gonzálvez, C., Inglés, C. J., Kearney, C. A., Vicent, M., Sanmartín, R., & García-Fernández, J. M. (2016). School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised: Factorial Invariance and Latent Means Differences across Gender and Age in Spanish Children. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1-10.
    • For access to this article or the Spanish translations in other countries such as Chile (Gonzálvez et al., 2017) and Ecuador (Gonzálvez et al., 2018), please contact to Carolina Gonzálvez, carolina.gonzalvez@ua.es
  • Spanish-language books and chapters about school refusal:
  • Giménez-Urraco, E. y Marhuenda, F. (2012). Fracaso, absentismo y abandono escolar reconocer los límites del sistema para corregir y ofrecer alternativas que garanticen el derecho a la educación [Failure, absenteeism and school dropout recognize the limits of the system to correct and offer alternatives that guarantee the right to education]. In M. A. Manzanares (coord.), Educational themes in the spotlight (pp. 187-220). Madrid: Wolters Kluwer España.
  • Gonzálvez, C., Inglés, C. J., & García-Fernández, J. M. (2018). No quiero ir al colegio. El niño que rechaza la escuela [I do not want to go to school. The child who rejects school]. Madrid: Pirámide.

Disclaimer: INSA’s Mission encourages us to disseminate as much readily available information as possible, without judgement. The sharing of this information should not be seen as an endorsement by INSA. Please access and use the information with proper judgement.

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