Information in the menus below was updated in October 2019. To contribute information that may be of interest to others in your country, please contact your country’s hosts: Trude Havik ( or Jo Magne Ingul ( As the International Network for School Attendance grows, materials will be added to your country’s webpage. 

People, groups, and organizations

For non-profit

  • Academic work:
    • Jo Magne Ingul, Associate Professor, RKBU Central Norway (Midt-Norge), Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare (Regionalt kunnskapssenter for barn og unge):
    • Trude Havik, Associate Professor, Norwegian Centre for Learning Environment and Behavioural Research in Education, University of Stavanger:
    • Torill Larsen, Professor, HEMIL-senteret, University of Bergen. Leader of the COMPLETE project:
    • Robin Ulriksen, Researcher, NIFU. Leader of ‘Reducing absence in upper secondary education’:
    • Ellen Kathrine Munkhaugen, Regional Resource Centre for Autism, AD/HD, Tourettes Syndrome and Narcolepsy, Oslo University Hospital:
    • Kristin Gärtner Askeland, Postdoctoral Researcher, Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare (RKBU Vest), NORCE Norwegian Research Center:
  • Practical work:
    • Elin Solli, PPT (educational psychology service), leader of the school non-attendance team in Stavanger:
    • Anette Ruud, PPT (educational psychology service), Sarpsborg kommune.
    • PPT (educational psychology service) in Stavanger have been working on early intervention for school refusal behavior since 2004. Meetings are held once a week, and school staff who are concerned about a young person can receive advice about early interventions.
    • PPT (educational psychology service) in Sarpsborg have a school refusal team, working preventively and flexibly as soon as a student show signs or risks for absence.

For profit

  • No Isolation’s mission is to reduce involuntary loneliness and social isolation by developing communication tools that help those affected. AV1 is a telepresence robot that acts as the child’s eyes, ears and voice in the classroom. Read more.

Current and upcoming activities and achievements

  • “On the Frontline” is a feasibility study of the school-based framework presented in ‘Emerging school refusal: A school-based framework for identifying early signs and risk factors’ (Ingul, Havik, & Heyne, 2018). The project will be conducted in various countries from 2020, but will be a pre-study in two parts of Norway from sept 2019: Trøndelag and Rogaland. For more information see the brochure or contact Jo Magne Ingul or Trude Havik.
  •  “Reducing absence in upper secondary education”. This is a project to reduce absence in upper secondary school in the northern part of Norway. It investigates the effect of a school-based monitoring program aimed at students at high risk for developing school absenteeism. The reduce absence model (RA-model) is based on early follow up of students with risk of developing high non-attendance in upper secondary education. The model aims to identify students with high non-attendance in lower secondary education, investigate what challenges they have that influence their non-attendance, and monitor and support their attendance for the first year in upper secondary education. The target student will get assigned to a school counselor who will focus on promoting the students’ engagement and autonomy in the process of getting help related to their school situation and defined needs. The study will also investigate the effects of the program between students with different needs and underlying challenges. For more info:
  • "COMPLETE” to reduce absence in upper secondary education. This is a research project to develop a psychosocial learning environment in upper secondary schools. The project involves implementing and evaluating the effect of two programs that will facilitate the good psychosocial learning environment: Drømmeskolen and Nærværsteam. The project is a cooperation between: UiB, Nordland, Troms, Sogn and Fjordane and Hordaland, Oxford Research, Nordlandsforskning, the organization Voksne for Barn og nærværsteamet Bodin upper secondary school in Bodø. Seventeen schools are participating.
  • Drømmeskolen (“dream school”): A universal initiative designed and operated by the organization Voksne for barn, aimed at all students in first class (VG1). Drømmeskolen has a special focus on ensuring a good transition from lower secondary school to upper secondary school. The program is aimed at addressing the psychosocial learning environment, as well as strengthening student participation
  • Nærværsteam: An indicated or selective measure to prevent maladministration. The program will ensure that young people at risk of dropping out of education will receive close monitoring through continuous attendance. This will ensure good transitions.
  • "Academic functioning and high school dropout: The interplay of risk and protective factors." This is a project investigating how adolescent depression, and individual, familial and social protective factors are associated with academic grades, absenteeism, and dropout from high school. A central goal is to compare the influence of different protective factors to identify which protective factors are the most important. This could form the basis for preventive interventions targeting adolescents. For more information, contact Krsitin Askeland.
  • INSchool – About high school dropout (university of Stavanger). Norway has a higher school dropout rate than the average for the OECD countries, and less than 60 percent complete upper secondary school within the specified time. 


Past activities and achievements

  • 2019: Ellen K Munkhaugen finished her PhD titled “School refusal behaviour in students with autism spectrum disorder, an exploratory study of frequency and associated factors”.
  • 2015: Trude Havik completed her PhD dissertation on the subject of ‘School role in school refusal’, based on parent interviews and student surveys.
  • 2014: Jo Magne Ingul completed his PhD dissertation on the subject ‘Anxiety and social phobia in Norwegian adolescents: Studies of risk factors, school absenteeism and treatment effects’

Helpful links and other resources

  • Projects
    • Glidelåsen (“Zipper project”) ( is a pilot project about the transition from primary school to high school in one municipality (Randaberg) and Rogaland Fylkeskommune (Rogaland County Council). Interdisciplinary system collaboration to ensure that students complete an ordinary secondary education course. They are following 34 students in 3-5 years. Contact person: Mariann Straume
      Glidelåsen (based on the pilot from one municipality described above): Rogaland Fylkeskommune (Rogaland County Council) and 10 municipalities, to ensure students compete an ordinary secondary education course. Contact person: Randi Thorsen Vatnamot
    • Drømmeskolen (“Dream school”), a model to work systematically with the psychosocial environment in lower and upper secondary schools, from a health promoting perspective
    • ‘Utvidet skolehelsetjeneste’ in Upper Secondary Schools, has been running in the northern parts of Trøndelag, Norway, since 2011. Here clinical psychologists and psychiatrists from the local child and adolescent mental health unit at Levanger and Namsos Hospital work one day a week at their local upper secondary school. They see adolescents with mental health problems, but also advise teachers and others at the school (e.g., school nurse, educational services) who are part of the school’s attendance team. The main aim of the project is to identify students in need of help as soon as possible, and to coordinate this help so that the students receive appropriate help (whether it is psychological, educational, or social) when they need it. This hopefully leads to improved quality of life and lower rates of dropout from school. Contact person: Jo Magne Ingul.
    • MOTPOL (Bergen): Motpol has a history since 2001 for students struggling with school attendance.  It is a group offer for students with anxiety or other reasons for serious not attending school, usually defined as school refusal. Students could also be truant of boycott teaching.  
    • LOS for youth with school refusal (Tromsø): The LOS-project is for youth between the age of 13-16, for them to complete school and to improve school well-being
    • SNT – School attendance team (Skolenærværsteam) in Bergen: The background for this project is when working with school non-attendance; the help often are given too late. This is a preventive approach at lowest level (tier 1); what to do when the child are still in school. It is a cooperation project between child, parents, school, educational-psychologic service and health care. In this way, we give early intervention and have the child’s voice in focus to give the right type of measures. For more info, please contact: Annett Lyngtu and Marion Bjørgan.
    • Tackl- MAKING KIDS FEEL BETTER. Improving mental health through serious games
  • Book chapters
    • Havik, T. (2019). Skolerelatert stress og skolevegring - og det sosiale aspektet ved skolen. I "Stress og mestring " Bru, E. & Roland, P (red). Fagbokforlaget ISBN: 9788245032857
    • Havik, Trude (2016). Skolevegring. I: Psykisk helse i skolen. Universitetsforlaget. ISBN 9788215026015. s. 93-108.
    • Havik, Trude (2015). Implementering av forebyggende tiltak mot skolevegring. I: Implementering: å omsette teorier, aktiviteter og strukturer i praksis. Universitetsforlaget. ISBN 978-82-15-02472-1. s. 151-170.


Disclaimer: INSA’s Mission encourages us to disseminate as much readily available information as possible, without judgement. The sharing of this information should not be seen as an endorsement by INSA. People, groups, and organisations are separated into ‘for profit’ (fees are charged for services) and ‘not for profit’ (including charities, who may charge no fees or nominal fees for services). Please access and use this information with proper judgement.

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